Plant models for basic research, healthy plants, intoxicated plants, infected plants
Lucietta Betti and Stephan Baumgartner:
Fundamental research could make important contributions to
our understanding of the homeopathic and high dilutions
mechanisms of action. Plant- and microorganism-based
experimentation appears suitable to this goal, making it possible
to overcome some of the disadvantages of clinical trials:
botanical and microbial trials do not present neither placebo
effect nor ethical problems, and rely on a very cheap and almost
inexhaustible source of biological material (Betti et al., 2003a).
Moreover, relatively simple model systems can be adopted so
that a more direct treatment/effect relationship and large data
samples for structured statistical analyses can be obtained. This
is a very important feature because it allows a large number of
experimental repetitions and external replications to be
performed, useful for studying the problem of irreproducibility
so often reported in homeopathic literature (Steffen, 1984;
Baumgartner et al., 1998; Binder et al., 2005).
The present overview is divided in 4 sections:
1. models based on healthy plants, microorganisms, and viruses
2. models with impaired plants and microorganisms (abiotic
3. phytopathological models using infected plants (biotic stress),
4. field trials.
Research papers concerning agrohomeopathy, homeopathy (if relevant), potentised BD remedies and so forth.